Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International 2021-07-26T03:39:53+00:00 Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science Internat Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International (ISSN: 2454-7352)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/JGEESI/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of ‘Geography, Environment and Earth Sciences’. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> Uncertainties in Prediction of Future Sea Level Rise Due to Impact of Climate Change 2021-07-26T03:39:53+00:00 Chakraborty Sudipta A. R. Kambekar Sarma Arnab <p>On reviewing the development of the research methodologies on climate change and sea level rise during the last two decades, it is observed that the assumed scenarios for apprehending the rise in global temperature are grounded on a lot of uncertainties. The real-time data varies from IPCC’s predictions. The gradual transition on the emission pathway scenarios from SRES (2000) till RCPs in AR5 of IPCC depicts the conceptual difference between the two concepts in scenarios. SRES represented detailed socio-economic-based scenarios, but RCPs are based on the capacity of a gas affecting the change in energy in the atmosphere due to GHG emissions known as Radiative Forcing. Considering the possible range of the radiative forcing values in 2100, AR5 of IPCC considers the four RCPs numbered as 2.6,4.5, 6.0 and 8.5 as per greenhouse gas concentration trajectories (not emissions). The present condition of melting of ice sheets at Antarctica and Greenland is quite high and it is understood that such melting will continue. Even in a situation, if the anthropogenic emission of GHGs is immediately stopped, the self-sustained melting will continue. Models so far being based on numerical and probabilistic approaches are expected to undergo abrupt change because of the current inconsistent ice sheet dynamics. Considering deep uncertainty in socio-political and economic changes amongst nations, the importance of usability of model hierarchy for the complex science of climate change is becoming unforecastable, in the prevalent ice dynamics during accelerated warming situations. In reality, the predictions are becoming less reliable.&nbsp; Possibility of the scenarios likely to be changed are apprehended during the advent of CMIP6 and the variations in contributing factors in the form of SSPs in the upcoming IPCC AR6, in 2022 and it is indicated that the research may take a new turn. A multidisciplinary approach to research with minimum uncertainty in a more precise and finer manner is the need of the day.</p> 2021-07-22T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Geology and Geochemical Assessment of Maastrichtian Coal Quality in Abocho area, Northern Anambra Basin, Nigeria 2021-07-23T04:35:33+00:00 A. A. Zakari B. S. Jatau <p>Detailed geologic mapping and geochemical analysis of coal samples around Abocho area, northern Anambra Basin, Nigeria was conducted in order to assess the quality of the coals in the area. Proximate and ultimate analyses were carried out on coal samples from the Mamu Formation to determine its chemical characteristics.&nbsp; Physical analysis was also carried out on the coal samples to determine the specific gravity, density and hardness. Geochemical analysis was also carried out on the associated rocks in the study area (Abocho), particularly Shales and Clays to determine their major oxides composition. The area is composed of the Maastrichtian Mamu Formation overlain by the Ajali Sandstone of the same age both dipping between 16°E and 19°E. The geologic mapping of Abocho area revealed two mappable lithologic units: The Mamu Formation and the Ajali Sandstone. The Proximate analyses indicates that the coal contains an average 7.15%, 35.53%, 36.24% of moisture content, volatile matter and fixed carbon respectively. These burns to generate 4,339 kcal/kg calorific value with 20.80% ash yield. The result of the ultimate analysis shows 57.81% organic carbon, 4.15% hydrogen, 8.41% oxygen, 1.39% nitrogen and 0.3% Sulphur. The physical analysis revealed that, the coal has an average specific gravity of 1.5g/cm, average density of 1.4g/cm3 and average hardness of 1.2. These characteristics qualify the coal to be ranked as high volatile sub-bituminous to marginal lignite. The coal is thus, suitable for combustion, gasification, electric power generation and industrial uses. Geochemical results show that the Shale contains 60% Silica (SiO<sub>2</sub>) and 26%Alumina (Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>) constituting 86% of bulk chemical composition. The Clay contains 70% Silica (SiO<sub>2</sub>) and 25% Alumina (Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>), constituting 95% of bulk chemical composition. The occurrences of CaO, NaO and K<sub>2</sub>O which are the major component of feldspar in clay suggests the clay to be of granitic origin possibly from Oban massif, east of the Anambra Basin. It also suggests low feldspar content.</p> 2021-07-20T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##